Travel Guides Crafted by Experienced Archaeologists & Historians

Art, History & Archaeology Sites & Museums

Located along the country’s east coast, Delaware has the distinction of being the very first state to ratify the United States constitution in 1787, making it the ‘first state’ in the Union. At the time of European contact, indigenous groups in the region included the Lenape and Susquehannock, populations heavily depleted by introduced diseases. Early European settlements were established by the Dutch and the Swedes in the 17th century, although the British soon assumed dominance. Delaware backed the revolutionary forces against British rule in the late 18th century and, while some Delawareans joined the Confederate Army, the state remained with the Union during the Civil War.

Archaeology & History Sites in Delaware

Fort Delaware

Located within the Fort Delaware State Park, this pentagonal military installation was primarily built between 1848 and 1860. During this period, which witnessed the American Civil War, it was used as a prison for captured Confederate Army soldiers. The U.S. military continued to use it the end of the Second World War, when they transferred ownership to the state. Today, visitors are welcomed by reenactors dressed in Civil War costume.

Museums & Art Galleries in Delaware

Air Mobility Command Museum

Located near to the Dover Air Force Base, the Air Mobility Command Museum focuses visitors’ attention on humanitarian military airlift and air refuelling aircraft. As well as bringing together and preserving a broad range of military airplanes, the museum also documents and presents the lives of those who worked and maintained such craft. Those with an interest in the history of aviation will be particularly interested in the range of aircraft on display – over 30.

Nantichoke Indian Museum

The only Native American museum in Delaware, this institution focuses on the heritage and culture of the Nanticoke people. As well as more recent artworks, the small museum showcases a range of historic artefacts, including thousands of arrowheads, axe hammers, and pottery vessels. The Nanticoke Indian Association manages the museum, which is housed in a former school building. A gift store sells traditional decorative arts made by Nanticoke craftspeople.