Travel Guides Crafted by Experienced Archaeologists & Historians

Exploring Roman Germany

Although the boundaries of the Roman Empire never overlapped with much of what is Germany today, there are still many magnificent Roman archaeological sites to visit. As well as some exceptional museums, with collections of Roman artefacts from these sites in Germany, but also from other countries, including Italy, Greece, Turkey and Egypt. The modern day boundaries of Germany include the following Roman provinces: Gallia Belgica, Germania Inferior, Germania Superior and Raetia. 

5 Must See Roman Sites & Museums

The Roman gate of Trier Porta Nigra in Trier.

Trier

A reconstructed Roman parade helmet in tinned bronze.

Germanic National Museum

Romer Museum Xanten

Xanten Archaeological Park

A gilded bronze Roman horse head from Waldgirmes, Germany.
Römerkastell Saalburg
Reconstructed gateway from the city walls of Roman Cologne.

Cologne

Roman Ruins & Sites

Many of Germany’s older towns and cities were established by the Romans, often then building on the foundations of settlements of Iron Age Celts. Some of these towns began as forts along the Limes Germanicus, a defensive boundary of natural and built features that separated the Roman provinces from the Germanic tribes.

Roman Museums & Collections

Some of the oldest collections of Roman artefacts in Germany were acquired by the kings of Prussia and Bavaria. These can be seen in Berlin and Munich. Many Roman archaeological attractions have their own onsite exhibition facilities, such as Varusschlacht and Saalburg. There are also exceptional regional museums in Germany displaying local Roman antiquities.