Travel Guides Crafted by Experienced Archaeologists & Historians

a - Z of Art, History & Archaeology Sites & Museums

With its origins in he 12th century, and today, once again, the capital city of Germany. With many tumultuous periods during the centuries in between. There is a lot to see in Berlin. Whether you have a deep interest in art and/history, or only a passing curiosity with these topics. Whether you enjoy guided tours and activities, or creating your own itineraries and experiences. Berlin has something for everyone. This page is a straight-forward A to Z of all the attractions and landmarks, monuments and memorials, and sites and museums in Berlin. If you are looking for something more specific, look at our themed guides to sites and attractions in Berlin.  

Alte Nationalgalerie, Museumsinsel

The ‘Old National Gallery’ displays artworks from the 19th century period of art history. From early Neoclassical and Romantic periods to the Impressionists, with pieces by Friedrich and Liebermann, to Monet and Manet. This was the third museum to be constructed on Museums Island, the Alte Nationalgalerie was opened on 22 March 1878 – Kaiser Wilhelm I’s birthday. The design was inspired by ancient, raised Greek and Roman temples.

Altes Museum, Museumsinsel

Built in the 1820s, Berlin’s Altes Museum, or the ‘Old Museum’, was the first of the five museums to be constructed on Museumsinsel. Still today it is considered one of the most important Neoclassical buildings in the city. A fitting context for the state’s Collection of Classical Antiquities, which includes numerous Greek, Etruscan and Roman objects ranging from the 10th century BC to the 3rd century AD. Also on display are some 1,300 antique coins from the Numismatic Collection.

Anhalter Bahnhof

Inaugurated in 1841, Anhalter Bahnhof was one of Berlin’s most important train stations. And known as the Gateway to the South. During the Nazi era, it is estimated some 500,000 people fled the country from here. From 1942 to 1945 over 9,600 Jews were sent from here to Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia. In the final months of Second World War the building was destroyed. A new museum telling the story of exile will open on this site in 2026.

Berlin Story Bunker

The WWII bunker on Schöneberger Straße near Anhalter Station was intended to shelter up to 3,000 commuters in the event of an air raid on Berlin. Today it houses the exhibition ‘Hitler – how could it happen’. With text, historic photographs and film, on three of the bunkers’ five levels, the rise of and demise of Hitler is documented in 40 separate displays. The exhibition has the only model of the Führerbunker. This self-guided tour takes between two and three hours.

Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Stasi Prison

In what had been a canteen and food store in an industrialised area of north east Berlin, post war fell into the Soviet Occupation zone. In June 1945 the Soviet Secret Police created a detainment and transit camp known as ‘Special Camp No. 3.’ At the end of 1946 the facility became the main Soviet Secret Police prison. This was subsequently converted into a Stasi Prison in 1951. Guided tours are available in German and English, some of the German tours are still conducted by former detainees.

Bernauer Strasse Wall Memorial

Along the 1.4 km length of Bernauer Strasse is the most extensive memorial to the Berlin Wall. An open-air exhibition that uses archival sound and image to detail all aspects of the history of the border strip and living in a divided city – on the ground, where it all happened. A 70 m section of the Wall has been reconstructed, with watchtower. Although visitors are free to start and end at any point, the Visitors Centre at the corner of Bernauer and Garten streets is a good place to start.

Bode Museum, Museumsinsel

Opened in 1904 this the fourth of the five museums on Museumsinsel was intended to display the state’s collection of ‘Old Masters’ and Christian era sculptures. It was damaged during the 1940s and was extensively reconstructed and refurbished, then renamed and reopened in 2005. Today exhibits include the Sculpture Collection and Museum of Byzantine Art, and over 4,000 coins and medallions from the Numismatic Collection.

Charlottenburg Palace

With origins in the Baroque period and additions made until the 19th century, Schloss Charlottenburg is the largest palace in Berlin. This was the residence and ceremonial seat for Brandenburg electors, Prussian kings and German emperors. The palace was severely damaged in 1943, and it was feared that the ruins would have to be demolished. Rebuilding was completed in 1970 and soon after it was opened to the public and is now one of Berlin’s major attractions. The palace chapel and the bedchamber of Frederick I, faithful to the originals, are among the highlights of many visits.

Checkpoint Charlie

Checkpoint Charlie, a border crossing between East and West on the Berlin Wall, is surely one of the most iconic sites from the Wall. Not only was this the site of a stand-off between the Soviets and the Americans in October 1961, many attempts to escape East Berlin were made here. Not surprising then it has been the setting in many films and novels, including James Bond in Octopussy and ‘The Spy Who Came In From The Cold’. The booth, barrier, flag and the sandbags are based on the original checkpoint.

Cold War Museum

Advertised as the first ever Cold War Museum, here visitors learn about the Cold War in a high tech, futuristic setting. Permanent exhibits include archive film showing key players such as Ronald Reagan, Mikhail Gorbachev and Helmut Kohl. With the aid of original artefacts including a Soviet-era rocket, a Telex machine and Cold War spacesuit, the various exhibits explore the central themes of the Cold War, namely the Space Race, nuclear disarmament and Espionage. A VR option allows visitors to go back in time to a divided Berlin. You get to follow an East German Border guard as he attempts to escape to the West.

Dalí - the Exhibition at Postdamer Platz

With over 2,000 original works by Salvador Dalí in some 450 exhibits, the museum is a wonderful place to explore the range of his creative output. Besides a collection of paintings, for which the artists is well known, other pieces include sketches, etchings, wood carvings, sculptures, texts and film scenes. The exhibition is a permanent one, made up of a number of works on loan from private owners.

DDR Museum

The DDR Museum offers visitors an immersive experience of life in the German Democratic Republic. From sitting in a typical East German living room to an interrogation room. From taking a drive in Trabi to being inside a prison cell. Visitors are encourage to touch interact with objects in three themed areas and 45 topics to get an idea of everyday life behind the Berlin Wall and the workings of the state and its security apparatus. This is the largest museum focused on the GDR in Berlin.

East Side Gallery, Berlin Wall

At 1316 m long this is the longest complete section of the Berlin Wall still standing. Soon after the wall came down, 118 artists from 21 countries painted such images as a Trabant breaking through the wall’, Eric Honecker and Leonid Brezhnev locked in a brotherly socialist kiss. In September 1990 it was formally opened as a an open air gallery, which given its length makes its the longest open air gallery in the world.

GDR Watchtower

Built in around 1971, this is the last standing watchtower of its kind. There were an estimated 200 of these towers along the length of the Berlin Wall. The concrete towers replaced earlier towers built using wood. From their vantage point a few metres above the ground GDR soldiers would watch over the inner wall of the Wall. The octagonal shape gave the guards a 360 degree view. The tower was recently renovated and visitors can climb the column to the observation deck.


The Gemäldegalerie, literally the Picture Gallery, has one of the world’s largest collections of paintings from the 13th to the 18th centuries. On display are 1,400 works by some of Europe’s greatest painters, including Rembrandt and Botticelli, Holbein and Vermeer. Founded in 1830 and originally displayed in what is today the Altes Museum on Museumsinsel, the collection is currently located in the Kulturforum.

German Spy Museum

Berlin’s Spy Museum, the only one of its kind in Germany, offers visitors a multi-media journey through the history of espionage. The story starts with secret scriptures from the ancient world and ends with the contemporary NSA debate. You will learn about the many elaborate spy techniques used, hear from former agents and learn details of legendary secret operations. Fancy becoming a spy? See if you have what it takes in a recreations of Tom Cruise’s ‘mission impossible’.

Gleis 17 Memorial, Grunewald Station

The goods platform station of Grunewald S-Bahn is where an estimated 50,000 Jews from Berlin were transported to their death. From here, one of three deportation stations in Berlin, Jewish citizens were deported to labour and concentration camps in Riga, Warsaw, Auschwitz-Birkenau and Theresienstadt. Platform 17, or Gleis 17, has a metal installation that preserves the platform and records the dates of the departures, the number of people and their destinations.

Gothic House, Spandau

The core of this red brick town house was built in the 15th century in the old part of Spandau. The owner was a wealthy merchant, although what he traded is unknown. This is the oldest town house in Berlin. Following extensive restoration in the 1980s many of the original features of the building are on view. Displays throughout the house give an impression of what live was like in Spandau at the time the house was lived in. The Gothic House also houses Spandau’s tourist office and regularly hosts temporary art exhibitions.

Gropius Bau

Built at the end of the 1870s in the neo-Renaissance style, Gropius Bau has been described as one of Germany’s most beautiful historic buildings. The building suffered considerable damage during World War II and has been extensively renovated. Before the war it housed the Museum of Prehistory and Early History and the East Asian Art Collection. Today, this is one of the leading exhibition venues in Europe. The gallery hosts temporary exhibitions of contemporary art and archaeology.

Herbert Baum Memorial

Herbert Baum was chairman of a group of mostly Jewish members who openly challenged national socialism. On 18 May 1942 the group attacked an antisemitic and anti-communist exhibition that was designed by Joseph Goebbels and staged in the Lustgarten of Museumsinsel. The attack was not successful and 20 group members were sentenced to death. Baum himself was arrested on 22 May and tortured to death in the prison at Moabit. This memorial commemorates the actions of Baum and his group in the Lustgarten in May 1942.

Jewish Museum Berlin

With the aid of multimedia and interactive displays, the Jüdisches Museum allows visitors to learn about the history of Jews in Germany from the Middle Ages to the present. Consisting of two buildings, Berlin’s Jewish Museum is the largest Jewish museum in Europe. Visitors enter through the 18th century Kollegienhaus and make their way to the striking building designed by Daniel Libeskind. The ‘Axis of Exile’ leads from one building to the other and on to the ‘Garden of Exile’.


Built in 1663, but remodelled and renovated many times since, the Crown Prince’s Palace has been home to many members of the Prussian Royal family. The last Emperor of Germany, Wilhelm II, was born here on 27 January 1859. After the dissolution of the German monarchy, in 1919 the palace became part of the National Gallery, where it showcased Modern Art until ordered to be “cleansed” of it by Hitler. The palace was heavily destroyed during the Allied bombing of Berlin, but again restored. On 31 August 1990 the palace hosted the signing of the German Unification Agreement.

Marienfelde Refugee Transit Camp

By the end of the 1940s already thousands of people were fleeing the Soviet Occupation Zone. Established in 1953 the Berlin refugee transit camp, one of three in West Germany, was the first point of arrival for refugees from the GDR. Today the site is both a memorial to the 1.53 million men, women and children who passed through here and a museum for their plight. Seven exhibits with around 900 objects tell the story from the decision to leave the GDR to being integrated into the Federal Republic of Germany.

Memorial for the Murdered Jews of Europe

In the centre of Berlin, this is Germany’s principal memorial to the six million Jewish victims of the Holocaust. There ae wo parts to the monument. Above ground is the very striking and thought-provoking field of stelae, 2711 in total. Underground is an information centre, which examines the persecution and extermination of Jews across Europe. The memorial is located on what was the death strip of the Berlin Wall. During WWII this area was the very heart of Hitler’s killing machine. Specifically, Goebbel’S villa and bunker were situated in this space.

Memorial to the Persecuted Homosexuals Under National Socialism

Inaugurated in 2008, the memorial to homosexual men and women persecuted by Nazism lies on the eastern edge of Tiergarten directly opposite the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe. The concrete cube, measuring 3.60 m high and 1.90 m wide, is a reference to the Holocaust Memorial. A window into the cube shows a film on loop showing two men hugging and kissing – a reminder that the Nazi’s outlawed such acts of intimacy between members of the same sex in 1935. A nearby information plaque, in German and English, outlines the persecution of homosexual at the hands of the Nazis, and how the end of the war did not bring an end to the discrimination.

Related Guides & Articles on Archaeology Travel

Tuesday, 21 December, 2021
Read More
Friday, 7 January, 2022
Read More
Read More